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Someone who can help ensure that a person is listened to, and that their rights, concerns and needs are acted upon.
- Academy mainstream school (primary and secondary)
Independently managed, all ability school set up by sponsors from business,
faith or voluntary groups in partnership with the Department for Education and
the local authority. Admissions are co-ordinated by Hampshire County Council.
Independently managed special school set up by sponsors from business, faith
or voluntary groups in partnership with the Department for Education and the
local authority. Admissions are co-ordinated by Hampshire County Council.
The review of a statement of special educational needs or EHC plan which a local authority
must make within 12 months of issuing the statement or EHC plan and within 12 months,
and not less than 6 months, of the previous review.
Someone who acts on another person’s behalf in all social security (benefits) matters.
- Area Inclusion Co-ordinator (INCo)
Early years and childcare settings receive support from an Area Inclusion
Co-ordinator, whose role is to work with the settings to ensure all children,
whatever their needs, can be included in a full range of activities and learning
This involves building a picture of your child’s abilities, difficulties, behaviour,
his/her special educational needs and the support required to meet those
needs. A statutory assessment is a formal procedure which involves the
collection of information from as many people as possible who have detailed
knowledge about your child. This may lead to the issue of an EHC plan.
Health professional who specialises in identifying and treating hearing and balance disorders
Health professional who specialises in measuring hearing ability
The Blue Badge scheme helps you park closer to your destination if you’re disabled. Apply to your local Council.
A national guide from the Department for Education to schools and local
authorities about the help they can give to children with special educational
needs. Schools, local authorities and health services must have regard to the
Code when they are involved with a child with special educational needs.
Maintained by Hampshire County Council as the local authority.
A school for children with special educational needs, maintained by Hampshire
The curriculum is all of the learning opportunities that a school offers. The
National Curriculum is described later in the glossary.
- Disagreement arrangements
All local authorities must provide arrangements to help prevent or resolve
disagreements between parents whose children have special educational
needs and the local authority or a school. They must include an independent
element. They are designed to bring together the different parties in an informal
way to seek to resolve the disagreement through discussion. Using these
arrangements is voluntary and does not in any way affect parental rights to
appeal to the First-tier Tribunal (SEN and Disability).
Providers who receive government funding to deliver early education including
maintained mainstream and special schools, maintained nursery schools,
independent schools, non-maintained special schools, local authority daycare
providers such as day nurseries and family centres, other registered daycare
providers such as pre-schools, playgroups and private day nurseries, local
authority Portage schemes and accredited childminders working as part of an
approved National Childminding Association network.
- Educational psychologist (EP)
A person, with a degree in psychology, training and experience in teaching and
a further degree in educational psychology. An educational psychologist,
employed by the local authority, will give advice and support to teachers and
parents on how a child’s needs can be met.
- Education welfare officer (EWO)
A local authority officer who helps parents and local authorities to meet their
respective statutory obligations in relation to school attendance.
Education Health and Care (plan) - has replaced SEN Statements from September 2014
This term describes when two or more schools have a formal agreement to
share governance arrangements and work together to raise standards.
- First-tier Tribunal (SEN and Disability)
An independent body which hears appeals from parents against decisions
made by local authorities.
A school maintained by Hampshire County Council but the governors are
responsible for admissions. Trust schools are included in this category.
A new type of all ability state funded independent school, free from local
An artificial opening in the stomach to aid feeding and nutritional support
A model of action and intervention in schools and early education settings to
help children who have special educational needs. The approach recognises
that there is a continuum of special educational needs and that, where
necessary, increasing specialist expertise should be brought to bear on the
difficulties that a child may be experiencing.
Use of the large muscles in the body that aid sitting, standing, walking, etc.
A medical term to describe increased muscle tone.
Medical term to describe decreased muscle tone.
Educating children with special educational needs, together with children who
do not have special educational needs, in mainstream schools, wherever
possible. Ensuring that children with special educational needs engage in the
activities of the school together with the other children.
Support for adults to live in the community rather than in a residential home.
- Independent parental supporter
Provides information and practical support to parents/carers of children with
special educational needs.
- Individual Education Plan (IEP)
Short term targets for achievements set, reviewed and evaluated by the school
with parents/child with copies made available to parents.
- Key Stages The different stages of education that a child passes through:
- Early Years Foundation Stage – age 0-5 (Early years setting, Nursery and Reception);
- Key Stage one – age 5-7 (Years 1 and 2);
- Key Stage two – age 7-11(Years 3, 4, 5 and 6);
- Key Stage three – age 11-14 (Years 7, 8 and 9);
- Key Stage four – age 14-16 (Years 10 and 11);
- Key Stage five – age 16+ (Sixth form or college)
A child has learning difficulties if he or she finds it much harder to learn than
most children of the same age, or has a disability which prevents them from
making use of educational facilities provided for children of the same age.
- Learning support assistant (LSA)
A widely used job title for an assistant providing inschool support for pupils with
special educational needs and/or disabilities. An LSA will normally work with a
particular pupil or pupils providing close support to the individual pupil and
assistance to those responsible for teaching him/her. Some assistants
specialising in SEN may also be known by titles other than LSA as these
matters are decided locally. LSAs are one of a group of assistants coming
within the broader Department for Education classification of ‘teaching
Local government body responsible for providing education and for making
statutory assessments and maintaining statements.
A system of communication that involves the combined use of manual signs and speech.
Scheme to rent a vehicle using DLA or PIP payments to cover the costs. You must be in receipt of Higher Rate mobility component of DLA or PIP.
Refers to the amount of tension or resistance in a muscle which enables movement
Form of therapy often used to help communicate and build relationships with people who are non-verbal or have problems with verbal communication, through the use of playing, singing and listening to music.
Meeting of a group of professionals who assess, support and treat an individual
- Named local authority officer
An officer of the Children’s Services Department who will deal with your child’s
case. This is usually the Principal Special Needs Officer.
This sets out a clear, full and statutory entitlement to learning for all pupils,
setting out what should be taught and setting attainment targets for learning. It
also determines how performance will be assessed and reported. The national
curriculum is taught in a way that meets the needs of individual pupils, eg
setting goals that are achievable.
Nasogastric tube inserted into the stomach via the nose to aid feeding.
- Non-maintained special school
A non-profit-making special school which charges fees. Most non-maintained
special schools are run by charities or charitable trusts.
- Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
Mental health condition characterised by obsessive thoughts that causes heightened anxiety and compulsive behaviour the person the person thinks is necessary to relieve their obsession.
A person who advises about aids and adaptations that may help your child.
Medically trained doctor with specialist skills in the diagnoses and treatment of diseases of the eye.
Healthcare professional who assesses individuals for and designs specialist braces, splints and footwear.
Healthcare professional who investigates, diagnoses and treats sight related problems and abnormalities of eye movement and eye position.
Doctor specialising in the needs of babies and children.
Impairments in sensory or motor function of the lower half of the body.
- Parent Partnership Service
Provides impartial advice and information to parents whose children have
special educational needs. The service offers neutral and factual support on all
aspects of the SEN framework to help parents play an active and informed role
in their child’s education.
A way of working with a person to find out what is important and meaningful to them.
Your personal budget is the money you get from Hampshire County Council, to pay for the help you need.
The provision of tailored care and support to individuals based on their needs and choices they make about how they live their lives.
Employed by the local health service to help people who have physical
disabilities. They can help your child with exercises and provide specialist
- Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS)
Picture based communication system commonly used be pre-verbal or non-verbal children and young people.
This is a new benefit replacing DLA for those over 16. Personal Independence Payment helps with some of the extra costs caused by long-term ill-health or a disability. It is being phased in over the next few years.
The use of play to help children act out and understand difficult life experiences and anxiety in order to reduce anxiety, improve self esteem and better manage their emotions.
Home based pre-school education for children with developmental delay,
disabilities or any other special educational needs. Portage home visitors work
in partnership with parents, helping parents to help their child through learning
activities within the home.
Preparing for Adulthood is a National programme providing knowledge and support to local authorities and their partners, including families and young people, so they can ensure disabled young people achieve paid work, independent living, good health and community inclusion as they move into adulthood.
- Profound and Multiple Learning Disability
Refers to people with more than one disability including severe learning disabilities.
Medically qualified doctor who specialises in the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of mental health conditions.
A specialist school run by local authorities which provides education for children who cannot attend a conventional school. Includes children with behavioural or medical problems, mothers and pregnant schoolgirls, children who are school phobic or who are awaiting a school place.
A doctor who monitors your child’s health to ensure that it does not stop him or
her from learning. The medical officer may do regular check-ups on your child if
he or she has a physical, sensory or medical problem.
Speech and Language Therapy Assistant. Usually trained and experienced in working with children who have speech, language or communication needs, SLCN, but not professionally qualified and registered. For quality assurance, SLTAs must work under the guidance of a fully qualified and registered SLT.
Speech, Language and Communication Needs.
Targets which are Specific, Measurable, Agreed, Realistic and Timed.
Short breaks can last from just a few hours to a few days – from daytime and evening activities to weekend and overnight or maybe longer. They can take place in a community setting, the child’s own home, the home of an approved carer or in a residential setting. They also provide parents and families with a necessary and valuable break from caring responsibilities.
- Special educational needs (SEN)
Children have special educational needs if they have a learning difficulty which
requires special educational provision to be made for them.
- Special Educational Needs and Disability Tribunal (SENDIST) An independent body that hears appeals against decisions made by the local authority on EHC plans.
- Special Educational Needs Co-ordinator (SENCo)
Member of staff of a early education setting or school who has responsibility for
co-ordinating SEN provision within that early education setting or school. In a
small school the headteacher or deputy may take on this role. In larger schools
there may be a SEN co-ordinating team.
- Special educational provision
The special help given to children with special educational needs which is
additional to or different from the provision generally made for other children of
the same age.
- Specialist resourced provision
Additionally funded provision for particular types of special educational needs in
mainstream schools, e.g for children with hearing impairment, physical disability,
or visual impairment.
- Specialist teacher adviser (STA)
Employed by the local authority to provide specialist advice to schools for
children with physical disabilities, visual impairment, hearing impairment and
specific learning difficulties.
A school which is specifically organised to give help to pupils with special
- Speech and language therapist (SaLT)
A person who helps children who have language difficulties or speech
- Statement of special educational needs
A legal document that sets out a child’s special educational needs and the
additional help he or she should receive.
A very detailed assessment of a child’s special educational needs which may
lead to a statement or a note in lieu. These are gradually being phased out and replaced with EHC plans.
A review of Disability Living Allowance where a person believes their circumstances have changed and that they may be entitled to more help.
Supported living is a type of residential support that helps vulnerable adults, including people with learning disabilities, to live with support in the community.
A plan drawn up at the annual review of the statement held when a child
reaches Year 9 (13 or 14 years old). It sets out the steps and support needed
for him or her to move from school to adult life.
Universal Credit is replacing certain benefits in parts of the UK, but currently not within Hampshire.
Originally set up by voluntary bodies, such as the Church of England or Roman
Catholic Church, but with most of their running costs now funded by Hampshire
County Council. (Voluntary aided schools are responsible for their own
admissions. Voluntary controlled schools follow Hampshire County Council’s
- Youth Support Services (YSS)
Youth Support Services provide information, advice, guidance and support to
all young people aged 13-19. They work with young people with learning
difficulties and/or disabilities, up to the age of 25, to help them make the best
possible transition into Adult Services.